The reason you need an outdoor security camera is to deter criminal and hostile activity. The surveillance equipment in the area to be monitor will no doubt be at risk of destructive behavior and while we cannot prevent it absolutely, there are things we can do to mitigate the risk. There are four main considerations to protect your outdoor security camera from vandalism.
The first consideration the camera/housing design, this will determine how much physical abuse the camera can take, as well as how well it is hidden from being noticed. Second we can strategize our mounting of the camera. The next consideration is the placement. And as a final safeguard the implementation of intelligent video alarms can help keep our cameras safe.
The material of the casing makes a difference since metal provides better vandal protection than a plastic casing. Another big factor is the shape of the housing or the camera. A traditional fixed camera that protrudes from a wall or ceiling is easier to attack than something that is more discrete such as a dome shaped housing or camera.
A housing or camera that is mounted flush with the wall is much safer than something mounted on the surface of a wall or ceiling. When flush in the wall, the only part left sticking out is the transparent covering. It is also important that the cables are protected and that depends on the mounting. Ideally we want to pull the cables through the wall or ceiling directly behind the camera. If that is not possible, use a metal conduit tube to protect cables from attack.
Camera placement is also an important factor in deterring vandalism. By placing a camera out of reach on high walls or in the ceiling, many spur-of-the-moment attacks can be prevented. The downside may be the angle of view, which to some extent can be compensated by selecting a different lens.
Axis' active tampering alarm feature helps protect cameras against vandalism. It can detect if a camera has been redirected, obscured or tampered with, and can send alarms to operators. This is especially useful in installations with hundreds of cameras in demanding environments where keeping track of the proper functioning of all cameras is difficult. It is also useful in situations where no live viewing takes place and operators can be notified when cameras have been tampered with.